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The Future Tenses
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  Verb Tenses  
    An introduction to verbs & personal pronouns  
    Verbs - Ser (to be) Estar (to be)  
    The present simple tense - regular verbs (I am)  
    The present simple tense - irregular verbs (I am)  
    The past simple tense - regular verbs (I was)  
    The past simple tense - irregular verbs (I was)  
    The imperfect tense - all verbs (I used to)  
    The future tense - all verbs (I will be)  
    The continuous tenses (I am going)  
    The perfect tenses - regular and irregular verbs  
    The conditional tense - regular and irregular verbs  
    The present subjunctive tense  
    The past subjunctive tense (If I were to)  
    The infinitive tense (verbs in their original forms - to be)  
    The imperative tense (command verbs - go / stay etc)  
    'Haber' with the conditional and past subjunctive tenses  
  More About Verbs  
    Reflexive verbs - Part 1  
    Reflexive verbs - Part 2  
    The 'Gerund' (the equivalent of forming 'ing...' verbs)  
    'Gustar' and similar verbs - A different way of using verbs  
Spain v Latin America
  All About Articles  
    Articles - definite / indefinite ('the' and 'a' in English)  
  All About Nouns  
    Nouns - Part 1 - (Masculine or feminine?)  
    Nouns - Part 2 - (Gender and forming plural nouns)  
  All About Adjectives  
    Adjectives - (Agreement and word order)  
    Adjectives - (Comparative and superlative)  
  All About Pronouns  
    Pronouns - object pronouns (direct / indirect)  
  Adjectives & Pronouns  
    Adjectives and Pronouns (demonstrative)  
    Adjectives and Pronouns (possessive)  
    Adjectives and pronouns (indefinite)  
  All About Adverbs  
    Adverbs - Part 1 - (words ending in -ly in English)  
    Adverbs - Part 2 - (Other forms / making comparisons)  
  Prepositions  
    An introduction to prepositions and relative pronouns  
    Prepositions - A comprehensive list with examples  
  Conjunctions  
    Conjunctions - linking words  
  Questions & Negatives  
    Questions and negatives (question words)  
         

   
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Video Lessons
Summary of Lesson
How and when the future tense is used in Spanish. Looking at how regular AR / ER and IR verbs are formed in the future tense.
Other ways of talking about the future by using the present tense and the verb ir - to go.
A look at stem changes in some common irregular verbs in the future tense.
How the verb ‘haber’ is used in the future tense and a look at some differences between the future tense as used in English and Spanish.
   
  What you can learn from this lesson
   
Understanding when and how the future tense is used in Spanish. Recognising and understanding what happens to the structure of regular future tense verbs when conjugated (ending changes).
Understanding how and when other tenses may be used to talk about the future and when they might be used instead of using the future tense.
Being able to recognise certain patterns in the stem changes of some irregular verbs in the future tense and appreciating the need to learn the stem changes that occur in the most commonly used verbs.
To understand certain principles of how the future tense is used in Spanish (the word ‘will’ does not exist in Spanish), and when it is not used in the same way that we might use it in English!
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SPANISH COMPLETE EDITION
Spanish Complete Edition
START SPANISH
Start Spanish

PART 1

 

The first part of this lesson looks at what the future tense is and when and how we use it in both Spanish and English. It also looks at how regular verbs are formed in the future tense.

 

The future tense is not the only tense we can use to talk about the future. The present tense with the verb ‘ir’ can also be used. This is covered in more detail later in the lesson.

 

The future tense is used in both Spanish and English to talk about things that will happen or things that will be true in the future.

In English the word ‘will’ or a shortened version is used to form the future tense. In Spanish the future tense is formed by changing the verb that is being used to talk about the future. Look at these examples using the verb to eat (comer), and to send (enviar).

 

I will eat soon.  Comeré pronto.

She will send it tomorrow. Ella lo enviará mañana.

 

If you have studied the previous lessons you will know that Spanish verbs are made up of a stem and an ending. Regular verbs in the future tense are formed by changing the endings of verbs. Irregular verbs are formed by changing both the endings of verbs and sometimes the stems as well.

 

Regular verbs are formed in the future tense as follows:

 

personal pronoun manejar prender resistir endings
  (to drive) (to turn on) (to resist)  
yo manejaré prenderé resistiré
manejarás prenderás resistirás rás
él/ella/usted manejará prenderá resistirá
nosotros/nosotras manejaremos prenderemos resistiremos remos
vosotros/vosotras manejaréis prenderéis resistiréis réis
ellos/ellas/ustedes manejarán prederán resistirán rán

 

Things to note.

 

1)      Accent marks (tildes), are used with all personal pronouns except the nosotros/as forms.

2)      The endings of the verbs are the same for AR, ER and IR verbs.

3)      The future tense of regular verbs is formed by adding to the ending of the verb rather than changing it.

 

PART 2

 

The second part of the lesson looks at other tenses that can be used to talk about the future.

 

The present tenses

 

Present tenses are used in both Spanish and English to talk about the future but not always in the same way. A mixture of both the present simple tense and the present continuous tense can be used. Take a look at these examples:

 

Ella recibe su sueldo mañana. - She gets paid tomorrow.

(present simple tense) (present simple tense)

 

Subimos por el avíon a las cuatro. - Were getting on the plane at four.

(present simple tense) (present continuous tense)

 

Using the verb to go (ir).

 

In both Spanish and English the verb to go (ir), is used in either one of two ways. The first is by using the present simple tense as follows:

 

Van a la iglesia mas tarde.  -They are going to church later.

Voy a la capital mañana. -I’m going to the capital tomorrow.

 

The other way the verb to go (ir), can be used is by using the infinitive form of the verb in English or by using the present tense form of ‘ir’ and adding ‘a’ in Spanish. Take a look at these examples with the verb to run (correr).

 

personal pronoun ir + a correr English translation
    (to run)  
yo voy a correr I'm going to run
vas a correr your going to run
él/ella/usted va a correr he's/she's/your (polite) going to run
nosotros/nosotras vamos a correr we're going to run
vosotros/vosotras vais a correr your (all) going to run
ellos/ellas/ustedes van a correr they're / your (all) polite going to run

Things to note:


1)      The letter 'a' is always placed directly after the formation of 'ir'.

2)      When the verb 'ir' + 'a' is used in this way, a verb will always come directly after the letter 'a'.


The verb form, 'vamos' can also be used in the same way above to mean 'lets' in English:

 

Vamos a correr. - Lets go running (let's run).

Vamos a comer. - Lets go and eat (let's eat).

Vamos al cine - Lets go to the cinema.

 

PART 3

 

This part of the lesson looks at how the future tense is formed in Spanish with some irregular verbs. Regular verbs are formed by adding to the ending of a verb without changing the verbs stem as described in part one of this lesson. Irregular verbs are formed by changing both the stem and the ending of the verb. It is important to note however that the endings of irregular verbs are added to in exactly the same way as regular verbs are added to.

 

Here are some examples of how some of the most common irregular verbs are formed in Spanish:


  yo el/ella/usted nosotros/as vosotros/as ellos/ellas/
ustedes
decir
(to say)
diré dirás dirá diremos diréis dirán
hacer
(to do/make)
haré harás hará haremos haréis harán
poder
(to be able)
podré podrás podrá podremos podréis podrán
poner
(to put)
pondré pondrás pondrá pondremos pondréis pondrán
querer
(to want)
querré querrás querrá querremos querréis querrán
saber
(to know)
sabré sabrás sabrá sabremos sabréis sabrán
tener
(to have)
tendré tendrás tendrá tendremos tendréis tendrán
venir
(to come)
vendré vendrás vendrá vendremos vendréis vendrán
salir
(to leave)
saldré saldrás saldrá saldremos saldréis saldrán
haber
(to have)
habré habrás habrá habremos habréis habrán

 

PART 4

 

Part four of the lesson looks at how the future tense is used with ‘haber’ (to have - auxiliary verb). For more information on auxiliary verbs take a look at our definitions section of this website and also the lessons on the perfect tenses. We will also look at some differences between how the future tense is sometimes used in Spanish and English.

 

Using haber

 

Haber is used when forming the future perfect tense. More detailed information is given about the perfect tenses in a later lesson. Below is an example of how the future perfect tense is used.

      Me pregunto si ella habrá hablado con Sofia.
      I wonder if she will have spoken with Sofia.

 

Haber’ is also used in the future tense in Spanish in the following way:

habrá
there will be

 

Using ‘will’ in English as an expression of ‘to be willing’

 

Sometimes ‘will’ is used in English as a way of saying for example, ‘are you willing to do something’. This is not the same in Spanish. Take a look at this example:

 

Marco will you wait for me? - ¿Marco me quieres esperar?

Will you come with me? - ¿(Tú) quieres venir conmigo ?

 

In Spanish the verb ‘querer’ (to want), is often used.

 

That concludes this lesson on the future tense. If you have not done so already watch the actual video for this lesson and then try one of the associated quizzes to test your understanding.

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