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Lesson7 - Verbs – The Future Tense – Regular and Irregular Verbs



The first part of this lesson looks at what the future tense is and when and how we use it in both Spanish and English. It also looks at how regular verbs are formed in the future tense.


The future tense is not the only tense we can use to talk about the future. The present tense with the verb ‘ir’ can also be used. This is covered in more detail later in the lesson.


The future tense is used in both Spanish and English to talk about things that will happen or things that will be true in the future.

In English the word ‘will’ or a shortened version is used to form the future tense. In Spanish the future tense is formed by changing the verb that is being used to talk about the future. Look at these examples using the verb to eat (comer), and to send (enviar).


I will eat soon.                        Comeré  pronto.

She will send it tomorrow.       Ella lo enviará mañana.


If you have studied the previous lessons you will know that Spanish verbs are made up of a stem and an ending. Regular verbs in the future tense are formed by changing the endings of verbs. Irregular verbs are formed by changing both the endings of verbs and sometimes the stems as well.


Regular verbs are formed in the future tense as follows:


personal pronoun manejar prender resistir endings
  (to drive) (to turn on) (to resist)  
yo manejaré prenderé resistiré
manejarás prenderás resistirás rás
él/ella/usted manejará prenderá resistirá
nosotros/nosotras manejaremos prenderemos resistiremos remos
vosotros/vosotras manejaréis prenderéis resistiréis réis
ellos/ellas/ustedes manejarán prederán resistirán rán


Things to note.


1)      Accent marks (tildes), are used with all personal pronouns except the nosotros/as forms.

2)      The endings of the verbs are the same for AR, ER and IR verbs.

3)      The future tense of regular verbs is formed by adding to the ending of the verb rather than changing it.




The second part of the lesson looks at other tenses that can be used to talk about the future.


The present tenses


Present tenses are used in both Spanish and English to talk about the future but not always in the same way. A mixture of both the present simple tense and the present continuous tense can be used. Take a look at these examples:


Ella recibe su sueldo mañana.                -           She gets paid tomorrow.

(present simple tense)                                       (present simple tense)


Subimos por el avíon a las cuatro.        -           We´re getting on the plane at four.

(present simple tense)                                       (present continuous tense)


Using the verb to go (ir).


In both Spanish and English the verb to go (ir), is used in either one of two ways. The first is by using the present simple tense as follows:


Van a la iglesia mas tarde.                      -They are going to church later.

Voy a la capital mañana.                          -I’m going to the capital tomorrow.


The other way the verb to go (ir), can be used is by using the infinitive form of the verb in English or by using the present tense form of ‘ir’ and adding ‘a’ in Spanish. Take a look at these examples with the verb to run (correr).


personal pronoun ir + a correr English translation
    (to run)  
yo voy a correr I'm going to run
vas a correr your going to run
él/ella/usted va a correr he's/she's/your (polite) going to run
nosotros/nosotras vamos a correr we're going to run
vosotros/vosotras vais a correr your (all) going to run
ellos/ellas/ustedes van a correr they're / your (all) polite going to run

Things to note:

1)      The letter 'a' is always placed directly after the formation of 'ir'.

2)      When the verb 'ir' + 'a' is used in this way, a verb will always come directly after the letter 'a'.

The verb form, 'vamos' can also be used in the same way above to mean 'lets' in English:


            Vamos a correr.           -           Lets go running (let's run).

            Vamos a comer.           -           Lets go and eat (let's eat).

            Vamos al cine               -           Lets go to the cinema.




This part of the lesson looks at how the future tense is formed in Spanish with some irregular verbs. Regular verbs are formed by adding to the ending of a verb without changing the verbs stem as described in part one of this lesson. Irregular verbs are formed by changing both the stem and the ending of the verb. It is important to note however that the endings of irregular verbs are added to in exactly the same way as regular verbs are added to.


Here are some examples of how some of the most common irregular verbs are formed in Spanish:

  yo el/ella/usted nosotros/as vosotros/as ellos/ellas/
(to say)
diré dirás dirá diremos diréis dirán
(to do/make)
haré harás hará haremos haréis harán
(to be able)
podré podrás podrá podremos podréis podrán
(to put)
pondré pondrás pondrá pondremos pondréis pondrán
(to want)
querré querrás querrá querremos querréis querrán
(to know)
sabré sabrás sabrá sabremos sabréis sabrán
(to have)
tendré tendrás tendrá tendremos tendréis tendrán
(to come)
vendré vendrás vendrá vendremos vendréis vendrán
(to leave)
saldré saldrás saldrá saldremos saldréis saldrán
(to have)
habré habrás habrá habremos habréis habrán




Part four of the lesson looks at how the future tense is used with ‘haber’ (to have – auxiliary verb). For more information on auxiliary verbs take a look at our definitions section of this website and also the lessons on the perfect tenses. We will also look at some differences between how the future tense is sometimes used in Spanish and English.


Using haber


Haber is used when forming the future perfect tense. More detailed information is given about the perfect tenses in a later lesson. Below is an example of how the future perfect tense is used.

      Me pregunto si ella habrá hablado con Sofia.
      I wonder if she will have spoken with Sofia.


Haber’ is also used in the future tense in Spanish in the following way:


there will be


Using ‘will’ in English as an expression of ‘to be willing’


Sometimes ‘will’ is used in English as a way of saying for example, ‘are you willing to do something’. This is not the same in Spanish. Take a look at this example:


Marco will you wait for me?      -           ¿Marco me quieres esperar?

Will you come with me?            -           ¿(Tú) quieres venir conmigo ?


In Spanish the verb ‘querer’ (to want), is often used.


That concludes this lesson on the future tense. If you have not done so already watch the actual video for this lesson and then try one of the associated quizzes to test your understanding.